Sports Medicine is the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries especially common in sports activity including ligament sprains, muscle strains, injuries to joints such as the shoulder, elbow, hip and knee. These injuries are common in athletes of all sports. But they also affect non-athletes including the weekend warrior, those who exercise at home or at the gym, or even someone who overdoes it working in the yard. Accidents can cause ankle sprains, knee sprains, shoulder rotator cuff tears, knee ligament tears, and tendon tears. Everyday activities, when done frequently, can cause repetitive strain injuries to the wrists, elbows, shoulders, neck, and back.
All of these are properly treated by a sports medicine doctor who has advanced training in treating joints, tendons, ligaments, and muscles. Some sports medicine doctors are orthopedic surgeons who treat these types of injuries mainly with surgery. But other Sports medicine physicians treat patients with these injuries using therapy, injections, and advanced non-surgical treatments including, dry needling, acupuncture, bracing, and prolotherapy.